The number of predatory journals, and the number of victims of predatory journals are growing at an alarming rate. Most inexperienced scientists are unfamiliar to the correct details of academic publishing, and along with the added pressure to publish makes them the main targets of predatory journals. As the Faculty of Medicine, Wayamba University of Sri Lanka we suggest following suggestions/recommendations to avoid publishing in fake or predatory journals.

  1. Use Beall’s list at and check the prominent list of predatory open-access publishers before publishing in any international journal.
  2. Avoid publishing in journals when it is difficult to find out who manages the journal and when evidence of an editorial board to review articles is unavailable.
  3. Avoid journals that offer unrealistic benefits such as fast publication, easy and fast peer review process.
  4. Avoid journals that have website text with poor grammar or numerous spelling errors.
  5. Check whether the articles published in a corresponding journal have ISSN, and whether they are indexed in databases such as ISI Web of Science or Scopus.
  6. Identify sudden unrealistic changes in the number of published articles per year. Most predatory journals show sudden increase in the number of published articles in certain
  7. Check whether the publishing journal is a member of OASPA (Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association).
  8. Identify a genuine publisher. Academic should use an available database which identify a genuine publisher.
  9. A genuine publisher is not only the manufacturer and printer of the journal but also provides a number of different services that include copyediting, typesetting, tagging, electronic services, and marketing.